What are Varicose Veins? | Princeton Vascular | Princeton, NJ

Varicose Vеіnѕ

Varicose Veins

What are Varicose Vеіnѕ?

Vаrісоѕе vеіnѕ, аlѕо knоwn as “vаrісоѕіtіеѕ,” are еnlаrgеd and unhealthy veins that usually arise due to high pressure in veins slightly deeper within the leg. They may be tortuous or twisted, and may bulge from under the skin. You’ll find that they can be red or purple in color. Varicose veins can appear anywhere on the body; however, they are most commonly found on the legs. 

Similar to spider veins, many fасtоrѕ іnсrеаѕе уоur risks of vаrісоѕе vein disease including fаmіlу hіѕtоrу, obesity, advanced аgе, рrеgnаnсу, immobility, history of blood clots аnd gender. Women are more likely to develop varicose veins than men.

You may have questions concerning your varicose veins such as:

  • Are varicose veins dangerous?
  • Do varicose veins cause blood clots?
  • Do varicose veins cause leg pain?
  • Why are my varicose veins itchy?

For answers to these questions, contact the best vein doctors in NJ by completing our online virtual consultation. One of our experienced vascular specialists will review your answers and schedule an in-person consultation to determine the cause of your varicose veins. If you have questions about varicose vein treatments in New Jersey, contact the Princeton Vascular Center by calling (609) 257-2095.

How to Treat Varicose Veins

Vаrісоѕе veins can be treated with conservative measures such as lifestyle changes and compression stockings. In some cases, these simple measures will help control bothersome symptoms, including leg pain, cramps, and restless legs. Later stages, including venous ulcers, require expert consultation. The Princeton Vascular Center offers informative consultations to better understand the cause and prognosis of your symptoms. If conservative measures fail and symptoms persist, we can evaluate which varicose vein treatment options are best suited to helping you look and feel better.

What are the Risk Factors for Developing Varicose Veins?

The risk factors for developing varicose veins are the same as those for chronic venous insufficiency. They include:

  • Family history of varicose veins or venous insufficiency 
  • Female gender
  • Pregnancies
  • Age
  • Work that requires prolonged sitting or standing
  • Obesity

 

How are Varicose Veins Diagnosed?

Varicose veins can be both visible and hidden beneath the surface of the skin. If you are having typical symptoms such as heaviness, leg cramps, restless legs, skin discoloration, then it is recommended to have a vein consultation.

A diagnosis of varicose veins with underlying venous insufficiency can be confirmed in the office with a diagnostic ultrasound. The typical exam takes 20-40 minutes depending on the anatomy.

If your varicose veins are itchy or causing you leg pain, you should contact a qualified vein specialist. It’s best to catch varicose veins before they cause blood clots or potentially become dangerous. Please take the time to fill out our virtual vein disease consultation

Why Treat Varicose Veins?

The primary purpose of treating varicose veins is for symptomatic relief and improving the visual appearance. However, because vein disease is progressive, longterm benefits may include:

  • Preventing skin changes
  • Preventing phlebitis or painful inflammation of the veins due to blood clot formation
  • Preventing skin discoloration
  • DVTs are rare, however, there haven’t been causal links made with varicose veins

What are the Treatment Options for Varicose Veins?

The first step in the treatment of most varicose veins is treating underlying venous reflux. At the Princeton Vascular Center, our boardcertified vein doctors perform minimallyinvasive procedures in the office under local anesthesia. Depending upon your case, your vein doctor may recommend any of the following procedures:

  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • VenaSeal closure
  • Varithena foam sclerotherapy
  • ClariVein
  • Microphlebectomy

Does Insurance Cover Varicose Vein Treatments in New Jersey?

Yes, medically necessary procedures are well covered by insurance. During your initial consultation, our vein doctors will complete a physical, evaluate your family and health history, and possibly perform an ultrasound to learn more about your condition. As a result of these tests, your vascular specialist will create a personalized varicose vein treatment plan. This will be submitted to your insurance carrier for pre-authorization. 

This can be determined from your initial, visit which will include a complete history, physical, and possibly ultrasound. The results of these tests will help your vein doctor make appropriate treatment plans that are submitted to your insurance carrier for pre-authorization. 

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